The ancient Volcei - one of the most important archaeological sites in the province of Salerno, part of Cilento National Park and the splendid village of Buccino – was the chief town of the independent tribe known as Volceiani, Vulcientes or Volcentani, whose territory was bounded north by the Hirpini, west and south by Lucania and east by the territory of Venusia.
The notable town of Volcei (currently Buccino) boasts an archaeological heritage of inestimable value, in terms of state of preservation. The finds can be admired at the Antiquarium, open to public every day from 9 to 12 – free entrance. The extraordinary abundance of archaeological resources makes Buccino a great place of eternal charm.
Volcei represents nowadays the magnificent witness of a glorious cultural background, a marvellous site where to experience unique sensations!
The old town centre, even if not that large, has been very flourishing most of all as intermediate stop to the extreme south of Italy.
Towards the end of the VI century BC, the construction of imposing isodromic limestone boundary walls determined the current structure of the city. Buccino has been inhabited since the VII century BC: ancient remains of the city testify that the it was strongly bound to the Lucanian koine (regional form of dialect, customs and traditions). Huge necropolis have been found on top and at he foot of the hill. Graves in which the deceased were placed cuddled up: rite shared with the nearby villages of Ruvo-Satriano and Atena Lucana. During the IV century BC Buccino - as testified by the new custom to lay down the dead on their backs, the new tombs and collection of figured pots - was under the rule of Lucania. However, the real urbanization process started with the Roman hegemony.
Titus Livius wrote for the first time about Volcei as border land with the region of Lucania that, during the second Punic war, gave itself up to the Consul Quintus Fulvius. The strong Romanization process is still clearly visible even looking at the current urban structure. Volcei was totally re-designed on a herringbone pattern street grid and provided with a modern underground sewer system. During the II century BC, probably after a disastrous natural catastrophe, the city gradually regressed.
A new sign of vitality coincides with the Norman Age and Castle, built up to the highest point in town: the urban space was definitely re-organized and new constructions were built up to the existent buildings, but preserving exactly the same style and architectural stamp.
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